Vietnam's population soars to 85.8 million
August 15, 2009 9:06 am
HANOI, Aug. 15 – Vietnam’s population now ranks 13th highest in the world and third among Association of Southeast Asian Nations members, the National Population and Housing Census 2009 revealed.
By April this year, Vietnam’s population was nearly 85.8 million, an increase of almost 9.5 million since 1999.
An online conference chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Sinh Hung was held in Hanoi yesterday to announce major statistics of the new population census.
The country's average population growth rate in the last 10 years has been 1.2 percent per year, decreasing by 0.5 percent compared to the previous 10 years.
Vietnam now has more than 7,200 people aged over 100 years.
HCM City and Hanoi rank first and second among the country’s most populous cities with 7.1 and 6.5 million people, respectively.
Provinces with the highest population are Thanh Hoa, Nghe An and Dong Nai.
Binh Duong Province saw its growth rate double in the past 10 years.
The country’s population is allocated unevenly with 43 percent living in the Hong (Red) River Delta and Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta regions while only 19 percent are residing in the midland and mountainous areas of the north and central highland regions.
The census also shows the southeastern region has the highest population growth rate with 3.2 percent.
An estimated 29.6 percent of the population live in urban areas and is increasing 3.4 percent per year while that in rural areas is only increasing at 0.4 percent per year.
The southeastern area has the highest rate of urbanization with 57.1 percent of the population living in urban areas.
The Red River area ranks second with 29.1 percent of the population living in urban areas.
There are now an estimated 98.1 males per 100 females while in 1999, there were 96.7 males per 100 females.
Deputy PM Hung praised the initial success of the census. <P>These figures are of crucial importance for evaluating Vietnam's socio-economic development strategy of the past 10 years as well as for calculating the strategy for the next 10 years, he said.
Hung also emphasized the need to focus on three major tasks in the near future including accurate data analysis, evaluation and information processing to publish full and accurate census results.
The full census results will be announced in the third quarter of 2010. (PNA/VNA)