RP ranks 90th in human development survey

May 21, 2009 2:44 am 

MANILA, May 20 — The Philippines ranked 90th out of 177 countries in the human development survey, the United Nation Development Progrmme (UNDP) report said.

The Philippines is classified as a medium-human development index, along with other Asian countries such as Thailand and China.

The country had a human development index (HDI) of 0.771 in 2005, as computed in the latest Global Human Development Report for 2007-2008.

Medium human-development countries have an HDI of at least 0.698.

The Philippines' ranking in terms of HDI is better than its ranking in terms of GDP per capita (101st), indicating that the country is able to leverage its income well towards human development priorities.

The HDI measures the average achievement in a country in three basic dimensions of human development such as longevity, knowledge and standard of living.

"(The) Philippines performs better than the medium-HDI group average on all three HDI components," the report said.

In terms of health, the estimated life expectancy at birth of the Philippines is 71 years or 3.5 years above the average for medium-HDI countries.

For simple literacy rate, the Philippines is at 92.6 percent or 18.7 percent higher than the group average of 78 percent.

Combined enrollment rate for primary, secondary and tertiary levels is 81.1 percent or 24.1 percent higher than the group average of 65.3 percent.

Finally, in real per capita income, the Philippines is at US$ 5,137 or about 5 percent above the average of US$ 4,876 for the group.

"This is an improvement over past computations where the Philippines' real per capita income was below the group average," the report said.

The value of HDI ranges from 0 to 1. An HDI very close to 1 means that the country has very high values of each of the three components. The UNDP ranks countries on the basis of the HDI.

Locally, the 10 provinces with the highest levels of HDI are all in Luzon: Benguet, Rizal, Cavite, Bataan, Laguna, Pampanga, Ilocos Norte, Batanes, Nueva Viscaya and La Union.

The top provinces' HDI levels range from 0.692 to 0.787.

At the bottom 10, seven provinces are from Mindanao, five of which are from the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.

Sulu continues to record the lowest HDI, followed by Tawi-Tawi, Magindanao, Basilan and Lanao del Sur.

New to the bottom 10 were Eastern Samar and Romblon.

The range of the HDI at the bottom 10 is from 0.301 to 0.480. This is a substantial difference in HDI of about 0.28 between the top 10 and the bottom 10. (PNA)

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